Most of you have just arrived in Moscow and probably have already seen some fascinating sights. We want to ensure that you know about some of the famous must visit places, that's why we've made a top 10 list of must visit places in Moscow. Moscow has a lot to offer, discover it with us!
Probably the most recognizable and iconic in Moscow — The Red Square. There are very few people in the world who haven’t seen an image of this remarkable place. Nevertheless, there are other fascinating sights, not to mention a number of great festivals around the square itself.
Lenin’s Mausoleum, the most mysterious place in the whole country and the leader of Russia’s 1917 Revolution, Vladimir Lenin’s mausoleum. Click here for the virtual tour.
State Historical Museum is Russian architectural masterpiece, built during the 19th century under the order of Tsar Alexander II. For more information, click here.
St. Basil's Cathedral was built by Ivan the Terrible in XVIth century in memory of the annexation of Kazan and the victory under Khanate of Kazan. A small hint for our readers: it's worth not only exploring from the outside, but also having a look inside – the murals inside the cupolas are stunning.
GUM store, comprising scores of high-end shops, is on of the most luxurious malls in the whole country, we usually only buy delicious ice-cream there. It is interesting that GUM used to be a big trade market back in times.
...and a lot more.
The Cathedral of Christ the Saviour
The tallest Orthodox Christian Church in the world is situated not far from the Red Square. When you leave the Kropotkinskaya metro station, you'll be able to admire its greatness and beauty. But you won't see the original cathedral that had been built 40 years ago during the second half of 19th century and was dedicated to Russian victory over Napoleon. The church was demolished by the Soviet power in 1931 and was supposed to be replaced by the Palace of the Soviet. However, due to the mysterious circumstances the only thing that was built there was an open air swimming pool. After collapse of Soviet Union it was decided to rebuild the church and the cathedral was reopened in 2000.
After standing near this building, thinking about its complicated history and being fascinated by its immense beauty both inside and out.
Don't miss the chance to visit the Pushkin State Museum of Fine Arts, which is located just opposite the cathedral. You can find the information about upcoming exhibitions and events here.
Inside of the cathedral you will experience its spiritual atmosphere and will see the magnificent interior. After if you feel like reaching the sky, you can go up to the viewpoint there (but only with the excursion group). If you're lucky enough, you'll have the opportunity to enjoy the beauty of Moscow from above.
But even if you don't go to the viewpoint, you can admire the view just walking down the Patriarshy Bridge. We assure you that you can take very impressive photos there, especially during the sunset.
From the bridge you'll see the former factory building of the "Red October" confectionery. In Soviet times it used to be the place where the most famous Russian sweets were made. Today you can find not only many offices, bars and clubs, but also one of the official shops of the famous treat for every sweet-tooth named "Алёнка" (Alyonka) and buy some traditional sweets.
A visit to Gorky Park (named after Maxim Gorky, Russian and Soviet writer) is a must for everyone, and it doesn’t really matter, if it’s winter or summer time.
In winter you can enjoy ice-skating or ice-hockey with your friends (all prices and timing may be found here), and in summer Gorky Park is the best place for spending the whole day. Have a good time cycling by the Moskva-river or feeding local ducks. Of course, don’t forget to visit Neskuchny Garden, Andreevsky monastery and Trinity Church to feel the Russian authenticity! Also we highly recommend you to visit Garage Museum of Contemporary Art and Muzeon. Don’t forget to invite your friends to join you!
The Kremlin in Izmailovo is a cultural complex, which was built in 2001 in the place of the former country residence of the House of Romanov.
Today you'll find different museums such as Museum of Russian vodka history, Chocolate Museum and so on. The Kremlin as houses the market of new crafts Vernissage, viewpoint on Bell tower and much more on its territory. It's one of the most fascinating touristic places, where you can feel the spirit of Tsarist Russia and try to do something in traditional Russian style. More information here.
Victory Park on Poklonnaya Hill
This park is dedicated to victory in the Great Patriotic War. But there are also monuments devoted to the Russian victory over Napoleon (during the Patriotic War of 1812), to the heroes of World War I and Afghan war. Among the most famous monuments:
- Victory monument is a 141.8 m. high obelisk (this height reminds of 1418 days and nights of the Great Patriotic War)
- The monument to the anti-Hitler coalition countries
- Monument to the Defenders of Russia
- Memorial mosque Shuhada in memory of muslim soldiers killed during World War II
- Holocaust Memorial synagogue.
Apart from finding out something more about Russian history, in this park you can enjoy outdoor activities in summer (there's a rental service of bicycles, rollers and so on) and admire ice sculptures in winter. More information here.
Zaryadye Park is the newest park in Moscow. opened to visitors on September 9, 2017, it has quickly become a must-visit destination not only for tourists, but for locals as well.
The massive project cost 13 billion rubles ($223.9 million) according to officials, and if you believe the unofficial estimates — twice as much. There is a lot to do and watch there. What’s more, there are a few things you will be surprised about, such as a non-melting glacier, a bridge without a single support, a Philharmonic Hall "embedded" in a hill, a year-round amphitheater and so on. Make sure to visit this place, which is right next to the well-known Red square.
Most of you probably know about world-famous VDNKh (Vystavka Dostizheniy Narodnogo Khozyaystva = Exhibition of Achievements of National Economy).
HSE dorm 5 is located near this place. The Exhibition was opened on August 1, 1939, and every year it is visited by about 25 million people which is the number of people live in Moscow agglomeration. Quite impressive, huh? Ostankino park, business exhibitions, and the Country's Main Skating Rink in winter are in our to-go destinations. More information is here.
Right in the historical center of Moscow from Arbatskaya to Smolenskaya metro stations you can walk down the Old Arbat Street. This pedestrian street is full of souvenir shops, cafes, street musicians and artists. It's also one of the most prestigious districts in Moscow, many famous Russians, including Pushkin, lived there. If you go a little bit further Smolenskaya station and turn to the left, you'll see the main building of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, which is one of the seven Stalinist skyscrapers.
The Bolshoi Theater
One of the greatest and most significant theaters in the world, which is famous for its impressive ballet and opera performances. It is considered one of the main sights of Moscow since its opening in the middle of the 19th century. You can simply watch a performance by getting very cheap student tickets for 100 RUB (ask your Russian mates how to do that). But apart from that you can attend a tour and find out more about the history of the theatre. More information here.
Moscow International Business Centre (MIBC), also known as “Moscow City” represents “new” and “modern” Russia.
Construction of the MIBC takes place on the Presnenskaya embankment of the Moskva-river, where you can take wonderful pictures for your Facebook page. Moreover, Moscow city is the capital’s financial district, where deals worth billions of rubles are being made. But surprisingly there’s also a lot to offer tourists.
For instance, enjoy splendid cuisine in Sixty restaurant or swim over the city in the highest fitness club in Europe — The Nebo sports complex. Finally, enjoy the cinema on the 29th floor of the Federation Tower.
Now you’re aware of Moscow’s top 10 places. Make sure to visit them all, discover new and finally
влюбиться в прекрасную Москву (fall in love with this beautiful Moscow)!
Authors: Ekaterina Kravtsova, Alyona Vlasova
Editor: Irina Klimova
Editor and proofreader: Ashley Dunn